Effect of β3-adrenoceptor on cardiac fibrosis in rat cardiac fibroblast cells and its potential mechanism
Purpose: To investigate the effect of β3-adrenoceptors (β3-AR) up-regulation on fibrosis in cardiac fibroblast cells in rats and its potential mechanism.
Methods: Cardiac fibroblast cells (CFB) were isolated and identified from rats’ hearts. The β3-ARupregulated cardiac fibroblast cells were constructed by lentiviral transfection technology. Thereafter, Ang II was used to induce fibrosis in cardiac fibroblast cells, and subsequently, Western blot assay was performed to investigate fibrosis related marker proteins (TGF-β, Smad-2, p-Smad-2, Col-I and Col-III) in cardiac fibroblast cells.
Results: β3-AR up-regulated cardiac fibroblast cells were successfully constructed. Furthermore, the results show that up-regulation of β3-AR increased the expressions of TGF-β, p-Smad-2, Col-I and Col- III proteins in Ang II treated cardiac fibroblast cells.
Conclusion: The results suggest that up-regulation of β3-AR aggravates fibrosis of cardiac fibroblast cells. In other words, inhibition of β3-AR expressions in cardiac tissues would be beneficial for treating cardiac fibrosis and its related cardiac diseases.
Keywords: Cardiac fibrosis, β3-AR, TGF/Smads, Col-I/III, Cardiac fibroblast cells
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