Factors associated with hypoglycemia episodes in hospitalized type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in a tertiary health facility in Malaysia

  • Hasniza Zaman Huri
  • Muhammad Irfan Abdul Aziz
  • Shireene Ratna Vethakkan
  • Riyanto Teguh Widodo
Keywords: Hypoglycemia episodes, Type 2 diabetes, Associated factors, Elderly, Stroke, Opiods

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the factors associated with severity of hypoglycemia in hospitalized type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in a tertiary health facility in Malaysia.
Methods: This retrospective study involved 207 hospitalised T2DM patients with hypoglycaemia episodes from January 2008 to December 2012 and was conducted in University Malaya Medical Centre, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Patients were classified into 2 groups, viz, those who had hypoglycaemia on admission and those who had hypoglycaemia during hospital stay. Patients with hypoglycemia on admission were those admitted due to hypoglycemia while patients with  hypoglycemia during hospital stay were those admitted due to other causes but subsequently developed hypoglycemia during hospitalization.
Results: The results for the 207 patients investigated show that most of the  patients (72.2 %) were asymptomatic during hypoglycemic episodes. The majority of the episodes (57.4 %) experienced by the patients were mild hypoglycemia (< 3.9 mmol/L). Old age (p = 0.011) and presence of stroke (p = 0.033) were found to be significantly associated with severe hypoglycemia (< 2.2 mmol/L) while  concurrent use of opioid (p = 0.008) was associated with mild hypoglycemia.
Conclusion: The identification of the underlying factors associated with severity of hypoglycemia may help in preventing and resolving hypoglycemia in T2DM patients.

Keywords: Hypoglycemia episodes, Type 2 diabetes, Associated factors, Elderly, Stroke, Opiods

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eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996