Identification of clinically significant drug-drug interactions in cardiac intensive care units of two tertiary care hospitals in Peshawar, Pakistan
Purpose: To identify clinically significant potential drug-drug interactions in cardiac intensive care units of two tertiary care hospitals in Peshawar, Pakistan, and to compare the various potential drug-drug interactions related parameters between the government and private hospitals included in the study.
Method: A prospective study was conducted in the cardiac intensive care units of the two hospitals, viz, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar (LRH) and Northwest General Hospital and Research Center Peshawar (NWGH &RC), which are government and private hospitals, respectively. Samples of 260 and 250 patients from LRH and NWGH & RC, respectively, were evaluated. Patient medication charts were evaluated for potential drug-drug interactions and clinically significant potential drug-drug interactions using Micromedex DrugReax. The data were statistically analyzed.
Results: A high prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions was reported in both hospitals: 92 and 96.9 % in Northwest General Hospital and Research Center, and Lady Reading Hospital, respectively, of which half were clinically significant. A total of 19 interacting drug pairs contributed to the clinically significant potential drug-drug interactions. Independent sample t-test showed a significant difference in the potential drug-drug interactions of both hospitals. Furthermore, a significant relationship was found between the number of potential drug-drug interactions, on the one hand, and the number of prescribed drugs and age, on the other.
Conclusion: A high prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions, particularly clinically significant potential drug-drug interactions, calls for proper identification of these interactions and monitoring of patients to minimize adverse outcomes and improve patient therapy.
Keywords: Pharmacy service, Drug interactions, Critical/intensive care, Adverse outcomes
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