Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

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Enhancement of clavulanic acid production by Streptomyces sp MU-NRC77 via mutation and medium optimization

Ismail G. Said, Nayera A.M. Abdelwahed, Hassan M. Awad, Madgy A. Shallan, Kamal Y.I. El-Shahed, Emam A. Abdel-Rahim


Purpose: To enhance clavulanic acid production using UV-mutagenesis on Streptomyces sp. NRC77.

Methods: UV-mutagenesis was used to study the effect of Streptomyces sp. NRC77 on CA production. Phenotypic and genotypic identification methods of the promising mutant strain were characterized. Optimization of the fermentation medium and culture conditions were investigated

Results: Out of the screened mutants, 120A3 mutant isolate was selected as promising. The phenotypic properties of 120A3 mutant showed culture characteristics similar to those of Streptomyces species. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence indicate that this strain has similarity (99 %) to Streptomyces sp.T2-7; therefore it was suggested as Streptomyces sp. MU-NRC77 and has Gen Bank accession no. KT953342.

Conclusion: Improvement of CA yield by 48 % was obtained from fermentation medium and culture condition optimization. Further optimization by addition of H2O2 and activated charcoal to the production medium increased CA yield to 646.12 and 682.94 mg/L respectively, i.e., 83 % more than that obtained prior to addition.

Keywords: Clavulanic acid, Medium optimization, Phenotypic and Genotypic identification, Streptomyces sp. MU-NRC77, UV-Mutagenesis
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