Chemical composition and insecticidal properties of essential oil from aerial parts of Mosla soochowensis against two grain storage insects
Purpose: To determine the insecticidal properties of essential oil from Mosla soochowensis aerial parts against two insect pests, Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.
Methods: Hydro-distillation of M. soochowensis was used to extract the essential oil. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis was performed, and the contact (topical application) and fumigant toxicity (sealed space) of the essential oil were evaluated.
Results: Thirty-nine chemical compounds were identified by GC-MS analysis of M. soochowensis essential oil. The major components are β-caryophyllene (12.82 %), spatulenol (6.34 %), β-eudesmol (6.26 %), carvone (6.12 %), α-thujone (5.12 %), γ-eudesmol (4.86 %), α-cedrol (4.23 %), and α- caryophyllene (4.04 %). The plant essential oil exerted contact toxicity against adults of S. zeamais and T. castaneum (median lethal concentration (LC50), 25.45 and 10.23 μg/adult, respectively). Moreover, the essential oil exhibited pronounced fumigant toxicity towards adults of both species (LC50 12.19 and 10.26 mg/L air, respectively).
Conclusion: These results show that M. soochowensis essential oil can be used in development of safer and more natural and effective fumigants/insecticides for stored products.
Keywords: Mosla soochowensis, Contact toxicity, Sitophilus zeamais, Fumigant, Insecticide, Essential oil, Tribolium castaneum
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.