Chemical composition and insecticidal properties of essential oil from aerial parts of Mosla soochowensis against two grain storage insects

  • Xu-bo Chen
  • Rui Chen
  • Zheng-rong Luo
Keywords: Mosla soochowensis, Contact toxicity, Sitophilus zeamais, Fumigant, Insecticide, Essential oil, Tribolium castaneum

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the insecticidal properties of essential oil from Mosla soochowensis aerial parts against two insect pests, Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.

Methods: Hydro-distillation of M. soochowensis was used to extract the essential oil. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis was performed, and the contact (topical application) and fumigant toxicity (sealed space) of the essential oil were evaluated.

Results: Thirty-nine chemical compounds were identified by GC-MS analysis of M. soochowensis essential oil. The major components are β-caryophyllene (12.82 %), spatulenol (6.34 %), β-eudesmol (6.26 %), carvone (6.12 %), α-thujone (5.12 %), γ-eudesmol (4.86 %), α-cedrol (4.23 %), and α- caryophyllene (4.04 %). The plant essential oil exerted contact toxicity against adults of S. zeamais and T. castaneum (median lethal concentration (LC50), 25.45 and 10.23 μg/adult, respectively). Moreover, the essential oil exhibited pronounced fumigant toxicity towards adults of both species (LC50 12.19 and 10.26 mg/L air, respectively).

Conclusion: These results show that M. soochowensis essential oil can be used in development of safer and more natural and effective fumigants/insecticides for stored products.

Keywords: Mosla soochowensis, Contact toxicity, Sitophilus zeamais, Fumigant, Insecticide, Essential oil, Tribolium castaneum

Published
2017-05-04
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996