Development and evaluation of miconazole mucoadhesive tablets for oropharyngeal candidiasis
Purpose: To develop mucoadhesive tablets containing miconazole (MCZ) for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis, using chitosan and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) as mucoadhesive polymers.
Methods: Mucoadhesive tablets were formulated and optimized using a 23 factorial design and direct compression method. The independent variables were compression force and concentrations of chitosan and HPMC, while mucoadhesion time and in vitro drug release were dependent variables. Tablet characterization was carried out by evaluating hardness, thickness, tablet weight variation, content uniformity, friability and in vitro drug release at salivary pH (pH 6.8).
Results: The tablets showed good mucoadhesion for an extended period (8 h), and their physical characteristics were within acceptable ranges. Drug release ranged from 60.5 % to 80.8 %.
Conclusion: These results indicate that the mucoadhesive MCZ tablets formulated with chitosan and HPMC possess potential for the development of therapeutic preparations for management of oropharyngeal candidiasis.
Keywords: Miconazole, Oropharyngeal candidiasis, Factorial design, Mucoadhesion, Chitosan, Drug release
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.