Effect of dietary soy isoflavones on bone loss in ovariectomized rats

  • Haidong Liang
  • Fang Yu
  • Bo Yuan
  • Zheng Nan Zhao
  • Chang Gui Tong
  • Xue Hui Liu
  • ShuFang Wu
Keywords: Mineral elements, Alkaline phosphatase, Isoflavones, Bone loss, Notch pathway

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effect of dietary soy isoflavone supplementation on bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) rats.
Methods: Forty-eight rats were assigned randomly to groups of OVX rats receiving soy isoflavones (20, 30, or 40 mg/kg of body weight daily), untreated OVX rats, or untreated intact rats. After 8 weeks, bone mineral density (BMD), mineral (Ca, P, Mn, Mg, and Zn) concentrations, and the expression of osteoblast-related genes were measured in femur tissue samples.
Results: Eight weeks after OVX, there was a significant decrease in body weight, serum levels of osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase, and oestradiol, BMD and mineral elements, as well as the expressions of Ctnnb1, Runx2, and Sp7 (all p < 0.05). These decreases were accompanied by reduced maximum load capacity of lumbar vertebrae. Daily supplementation with soy isoflavones dosedependently ameliorated these effects (all p < 0.05). Western blotting revealed that these effects were likely due to the reversal of the OVX-induced decrease in Notch1 proteins in bone and muscle.
Conclusion: Soy isoflavone treatment represents a potential therapy for preventing postmenopausal bone loss by stimulating the Notch signalling.

Keywords: Mineral elements, Alkaline phosphatase, Isoflavones, Bone loss, Notch pathway

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eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996