Effect of electrolyzed reduced water on malondialdehyde levels and neutrophil cells in aggressive periodontitis

  • Markus B. Rahardjo
  • Rini D. Ridwan
  • Delaneira A.D. Hikmah
Keywords: Periodontitis, Electrolyzed reduced water, Malondialdehyde, Neutrophil cells

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) on malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and neutrophil cells in Wistar rats suffering from aggressive periodontitis.

Methods: Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) were infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans before being divided into a control group and a treatment group. The control group was treated orally with distilled water (pH 7.0), while the treatment group was administered with ERW (pH 9.8, 20 ml/day) for three successive days. Gingival tissue taken post-treatment was examined to determine the number of neutrophils and MDA level. Hematoxylin eosin staining was performed to identify neutrophil cells while MDA levels were determined by colorimetric assay.

Results: The number of neutrophils in the control group (30.04 ± 15.30) was higher than that of the treatment group (7.76 ± 2.52), while the MDA levels of the control and treatment groups were 4.58 ± 0.66 and 4.30 ± 0.81, respectively (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: ERW demonstrates the ability to reduce neutrophil cells without altering MDA levels in Wistar rats suffering from aggressive periodontitis. This is an indication that ERW was an effective material to manage aggressive periodontitis.

Keywords: Periodontitis, Electrolyzed reduced water, Malondialdehyde, Neutrophil cells

Published
2018-03-06
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996