Optimization of isolation and purification of total flavonoids from Ardisia mamillata Hance roots using macroporous resins, and determination of their antioxidant activity
Purpose: To isolate, purify and determine the antioxidant property of total flavonoids from the roots of Ardisia mamillata, so as to provide a theoretical basis for development of natural antioxidants.
Methods: Macroporous resin was used to optimize the isolation and purification of total flavonoids, taking adsorption rate and resolution rate as evaluation indices. The antioxidant property of the purified total flavonoids was determined using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6- trinitrophenyl)hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity.
Results: The best conditions for separation and purification of total flavonoids from Ardisia mamillata roots were: use of ADS-7 resin, loading total flavonoid concentration of 0.8896 mg/mL, loading buffer flow rate of 1.5 mL/min, loading buffer pH of 4.48, elution ethanol concentration of 60 %, and flow rate of 2.5 mL/min. Under these conditions, the degree of purification of total flavonoids of Ardisia mamillata root was 76.43 ± 0.36 %, adsorption rate was 96.52 ± 0.19 %, while resolution rate was 99.31 ± 0.27 %. When the concentration of the purified total flavonoids was 4.0 mg/mL, its DPPH radical scavenging activity was stronger than that of the standard, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), but lower than that of vitamin C.
Conclusion: ADS-7 resin is the best macroporous resin for the purification of total flavonoids from the radix of Ardisia mamillata Hance, under the optimized conditions. The purified total flavonoids of Ardisia mamillata root have stronger DPPH radical scavenging ability than the standard, BHT.
Keywords: Szechwan raspberry root, Flavonoids, Macroporous adsorption resin, ADS-7 resin, Purification, Antioxidant