Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

Phytochemical profile, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antipancreatic lipase activities of fermented Camellia japonica L leaf extracts

Seo Hyun Moon, Min Young Kim


Purpose: To investigate the probable antioxidant, antimicrobial and  antipancreatic lipase effects of fermented Camellia japonica leaf extracts.
Methods: Camellia japonica leaves fermented with Nuruk were extracted using methanol and ethanol. Total phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoid and L-ascorbic acid contents were determined by UV-visible spectrophotometry. The antioxidant activities of these extracts were determined by free radical scavenging, ferrous ion chelating and reducing power assays. Their  antimicrobial properties against Gram-positive Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis, and Gram-negative Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli bacteria were evaluated by disc diffusion method. Inhibition of pancreatic lipase was measured based on the hydrolytic reaction of p-nitrophenyl butyrate with pancreatic lipase.
Results: The ethanol extracts of fermented Camellia japonica leaves exhibited higher phenolic (32274mg GAE/100 g) and flavonoid (20519 mg RE/100 g) contents with higher superoxide (IC50 = 0.23  mg/mL), hydrogen peroxide (IC50 = 0.28 mg/mL) radical scavenging and ferrous ion chelating (IC50 = 0.21 mg/mL) activities than those of methanol. These ethanol extracts also showed higher antimicrobial activities against all bacterial strains tested with higher inhibitory effects on pancreatic lipase than methanol extracts.
Conclusion: The results highlight the possible use of fermented Camellia japonica leaf extracts as a source of antioxidant, antibacterial and antiobesity agents. Ethanol is recommended as solvent for extracting antioxidants, antibacterial and antiobesity agents from this plant.

Keywords: Antioxidant activity, Antimicrobial activity, Fermented Camellia japonica extracts, Pancreatic lipase inhibition
AJOL African Journals Online