Cardioprotective effects of the total flavonoids of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. Root extract on experimental myocardial infarction in mice
Purpose: To study the cardioprotective effects of the total flavonoids from the roots of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. (FHZ) on experimental myocardial infarction in mice.
Methods: Ultrasonic-assisted extraction of FHZ was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) to obtain a higher extraction yield. Myocardial infarction (MI) was established by ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) branch of the coronary artery in mice. Cardiac troponin T (cTnT), creatine phosphokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), lipid peroxide (LPO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in the serum of mice were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Furthermore, myocardial infarction size (MIS) was examined by Masson’s Trichrome staining on heart tissues.
Results: Optimum extraction conditions of FHZ were as follows: an ethanol concentration of 69.03 %, a liquid-solid ratio of 27.14 g/mL and an extraction time of 30.30 min. The obtained extraction conditions were proven to be accurate and reliable. After treatment with FHZ for 3 and 7 days, the serum level of cTnT in MI mice decreased significantly. Also, the serum levels of CPK, LPO, MDA, and LDH were significantly decreased while SOD level increased in MI mice treated with FHZ. Furthermore, after treatment with FHZ for two weeks, the MIS of MI mice decreased (p < 0.01).
Conclusion: RSM is a useful tool to optimize the ultrasonic-assisted extraction conditions for FHZ. Furthermore, FHZ possesses significant cardioprotective effects on experimental myocardial infarction in mice and thus may find application in the clinical management of myocardial infarction.
Keywords: Polygonum cuspidatum, Flavonoids, Response surface methodology, Myocardial infarction, Cardioprotective