Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

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Notoginseng root enhances healing in imiquimod-induced psoriasis mice model via anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative properties

Yangqi Li, Xianglong Dai, Jinliang Li, Jinghang Deng, Changlan Wan, Xia Xu, Fengxing Liang, Fei Wang, Jinbao Zhong


Purpose: To evaluate the beneficial effect of Panax notoginseng (PN) gel against imiquimod-induced psoriasis in a mice model.

Methods: Psoriasis was induced by topical application of imiquimod cream (5 %) on the shaved skin of mice for 7 days. PN group received PN gel (1 %) twice a day with imiquimod cream (5 %) once a day for one week. The effect of PN gel was estimated by scoring skin thickness, scaling and erythema. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used for the determination of the expressions of inflammatory mediators in skin tissues of mice. Moreover, the severity of inflammation was determined by histopathological and immunohistochemical assessment of skin tissues.

Results: The severity of inflammation and the expressions of inflammatory mediators were significantly reduced in PN gel-treated group, relative to the negative control group. Treatment with PN gel attenuated the histopathology of skin tissue in the imiquimod-induced psoriatic mice, and significantly decreased the level of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), when compared to the negative control group.

Conclusion: These results show that PN gel attenuates psoriasis in imiquimod-induced psoriasis mice model by decreasing skin inflammation. Thus, PN gel may be suitable for the management of psoriasis.

Keywords: Psoriasis, Panax notoginseng, Inflammatory mediators, Imiquimod, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
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