Effect of quercetin on bone metabolism and serum osteocalcin in osteoporotic rats
Purpose: To determine the effect of quercetin on bone metabolism and serum osteocalcin in osteoporotic rats.
Methods: Sixty specific pathogen-free rats were randomly divided into control group, model group; high, medium and low dose quercetin groups, and diethylstilbestrol group, with 10 rats in each group. The high, middle and low dose quercetin groups were given quercetin suspension at doses of 200, 100, 50 mg/kg/day, respectively; the ethylene estradiol group was given ethylene estradiol (1.0 mg/kg/week), while control rats received ethylene estradiol at doses of 200, 100, 50 mg/kg/day. Rats in the model group were given saline. Samples were taken after 6 weeks of administration. The levels of serum bone-derived alkaline phosphatase (BALP), estradiol (E2) and serum osteocalcin (BGP) in femur tissue were measured using ELISA kits. Bone mineral density (BMD) was determined using BMD tester.
Results: Relative to normal rats, BALP and BGP levels in the model rats were markedly increased, while E2 was significantly lower (p < 0.5). Quercetin treatment led to significant increases in BALP and E2 levels in the middle and high dose groups, relative to the model group, while BGP levels in all quercetin treatment groups decreased significantly, when compared to model rats (p < 0.05). There were higher BMD values in quercetin and diethylstilbestrol groups than in model (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Quercetin enhances bone formation and BMD, but decreases osteocalcin levels and maintains bone biomechanics in ovariectomized rats. Thus, it may find therapeutic application in maintaining bone health.
Keywords: Quercetin, Osteoporosis, Bone metabolism, Osteocalcin
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.