Spatholobus suberectus extract suppresses proliferation and EMT, and promotes apoptosis in palmitic acid induced vascular endothelial cells by inhibiting LncRNA MALAT1 via VEGF signaling pathway
Purpose: In type 2 diabetes, palmitic acid could damage vessels and induce insulin resistance. This present in vitro study evaluates the possible role of Spatholobus suberectus (FSS) extract in diabetes.
Methods: Human HUVECc cells were treated with palmitic acid, palmitic acid and Spatholobus suberectus extract. MALAT1 overexpression plasmid (pcDNA-MALAT1) and blank vector were transfected into the cells using lipofectamine 2000. RT-qPCR assay was used to evaluated the expression changes of lncRNA, VEGFR2 and VEGFA in the cells as well as Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) biomarkers and apoptosis. CCK-8 was used to detect cell viabilities of HUVECs. Expressions of proteins in VEGF signaling pathway were analyzed using Western Blot.
Results: LncRNA MALAT1 had high expression in diabetes-like cells and suppressed proliferation and EMT but promoted apoptosis. The SS extract promoted proliferation and EMT and repressed apoptosis in diabetes-like HUVECs cells. The promotion of apoptosis by LncRNA MALAT1, inhibition of apoptosis and regulated functions of diabetes-like HUVECs cells by SS extract occurred via the VEGF signaling pathway
Conclusion: SS extract might contribute to survival of cells by inhibiting MALAT1 via VEGF signaling pathway in vitro, suggesting FSF might be a potential therapeutic agent in the treatment of diabetes.
Keywords: flavone of Spatholobus suberectus, diabetes, vascular endothelial cell, LncRNA MALAT1
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