Bergenin from Cissus javana DC. (Vitaceae) root extract enhances glucose uptake by rat L6 myotubes
Purpose: To examine the glucose uptake stimulatory activity of the root extract of Cissus javana DC. (Vitaceae) in Lδ myotubes of rat, and also to identify the extract’s active principles.
Methods: The methanol extract was prepared from Cissus javana tuberous roots and evaluated for glucose uptake stimulatory effects on Lδ rat muscle cells and inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase. The chemical components were isolated using several chromatographic techniques, and their structures characterized by spectroscopic methods. Each isolate was then assayed for glucose uptake stimulatory and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities.
Results: The extract (100 μg/ml) exhibited glucose uptake stimulatory effect (70.9 % enhancement) and α-glucosidase enzyme inhibitory activity (100 % inhibition). Through chromatographic separation, bergenin, stigmast-4-en-3-one and β-sitosterol were isolated and identified. Bergenin, at 100 μg/ml (0.3046 mM), increased glucose uptake by Lδ myotubes by 50.5 % without toxicity. At the same concentration, bergenin showed no inhibition on α-glucosidase enzyme, while stigmast-4-en-3-one and β-sitosterol exhibited 98.6 and 40.6 %, inhibition, respectively.
Conclusion: This study is the first report on the chemical constituents, and the glucose uptake stimulatory and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of Cissus javana DC. roots. The findings reveal the antidiabetic potential of the plant and the glucose-uptake enhancing activity of bergenin.
Keywords: Cissus javana, α-Glucosidase, Antidiabetes, Rat skeletal muscle cells, Bergenin
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