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Purpose: To study the effect of miR-23b on the expression of the target gene of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1), and cisplatin (CDDP) susceptibility of cervical carcinoma stem cells.
Methods: Human cervical cancer cell line Hela cells were cultured in vitro, and miR-23b mimic and negative control were transfected into the cells using lipofectamine method. The growth of the two groups of cells was determined using growth curve method, and their proliferation measured using plate clone formation. The influence of treatments on the sensitivity of the cells to CDDP was assayed using MTT method. The mRNA expression of ALDH1A1 in Hela cells was assayed using real-time quantitative polymerase hain reation (PCR), while its protein expression was assayed by Western blot.
Results: The levels of expressions of ALDH1A1 protein and mRNA in the miR-23b overexpression group were significantly lower than those in the control group (p < 0.05). The sensitivities of Hela cells to CDDP in the ALDH1A1 inhibition group and the control group were dose-dependent to some extent, but cell inhibition in ALDH1A1 inhibition group markedly increased, relative to control when the CDDP dose was 0.1 ppc (p < 0.01).
Conclusion: Up-regulating the expression of miR-23b significantly inhibits the growth and proliferation of cervical cancer cells, and increases their sensitivity to CDDP via down-regulation of the expression of the target gene for ALDH1A1. Therefore, during cervical carcinoma treatment, increasing the level of miR-23b may produce a chemotherapeutic effect.
Keywords: MiR-23b, Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1, Cervical cancer, Cisplatin, Sensitivity