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Protective effect of leaf extract of <i>Ficus carica L.</i> against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic toxicity in mice and HepG2 cell line

Syeda Hira
Muhammad Gulfraz
S.M. Saqlan Naqvi
Rehmat Ullah Qureshi
Hina Gul


Purpose: To determine the in vivo and in vitro hepatoprotective effects of Ficus carica.
Methods: The methanol leaf extract of Ficus carica L was further fractionated into n-hexane, ethyl acetate and aqueous fractions. For in vivo study, male albino mice were divided into twelve groups. Hepatotoxicity was induced in the mice using carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). The extract of F. carica and its fractions were administered at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg. Silymarin was used as standard
hepatoprotective drug. The protective effects of the extract and fractions were determined via assay of biochemical parameters and antioxidant enzymes in the liver. The histopathology of the liver was also studied. Moreover, the in vitro hepatoprotective effect of the extract and fractions against CCl4-induced damage was determined in HepG2 cell line.
Results: There were significant increases in the serum levels of liver biomarkers in CCl4-treated group, whereas treatments with plant extract and fractions significantly reduced the levels of these parameters (p < 0.05). In addition, results from histopathology revealed evidence of protective effect of Ficus carica through reversal of CCl4-induced decreases in the activities of liver antioxidant enzymes.
Conclusion: These results indicate that methanol leaf extract of Ficus carica L. and its fractions exert significant and dose-dependent hepatoprotective effects in vivo and in vitro.

Keywords: Ficus carica, Hepatoprotection, Carbon tetrachloride, Liver biomarkers