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Impact of diabetes-related knowledge and medication adherence on quality of life among type 2 diabetes patients in a tertiary health facility in Multan, Pakistan

Basit Ramzan
Azmi Hassali
Furqan Hashmi
Fahad Saleem
Shahnawaz Gardezi
Iltaf Hussain
Muhammad Daoud Butt
Muhammad Fawad Rasool


Purpose: To assess the impact of drug adherence and diabetes-related knowledge on the quality of life (QoL) of type 2 diabetes patients in a hospital in Pakistan.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in City Hospital, Multan, Pakistan between March and September 2020. A total of 151 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were recruited. Medication adherence, diabetes-related knowledge, and QoL were assessed by Drug attitude inventory-10 (DAI-10), the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT), and EQ-5D-3L tools, respectively. The association between sociodemographic data and study variables was assessed by independent t-test and one-way ANOVA.
Results: Among the 151 patients, 53 % were males. The mean MDKT score was 0.33 ± 0.18, indicating poor knowledge of diabetes. An overall moderate level of adherence was observed among the participants (mean adherence score, 6.14 ± 1.39). Mean QoL score was 1.31 ± 0.28, and the Visual Analog Scale score (VAS) was 59.6 ± 12.21, indicating a good to moderate QoL among the study participants. Study participants with a longer duration of diabetes and poor adherence to their medications showed poor QoL (p = 0.01, p = 0.004 respectively).
Conclusion: Overall, the patients reported poor knowledge, moderate adherence, and good to moderate QoL. Moreover, patients with poor adherence to medication, longer duration of diabetes, and poorly controlled HbA1c showed poor QoL.