Concentration of trace metals in boreholes in the Ankobra Basin, Ghan
Analysis of trace metals in groundwater from the Ankobra basin revealed high levels of iron, manganese and aluminium. Approximately 40% of boreholes had total iron concentration exceeding 1000 mg l-1 (maximum WHO permissible limit). Aluminium concentration varied from 0.1 mg l-1 to 2510 mg l-1 with a median value of 10.0 mg l-1.Approximately 20% of the boreholes had aluminium concentration exceeding the WHO maximum acceptable limit (200 mg l-1) for drinking water. Manganese concentration was in the range 6–2510 mg l-1 with a median of 356 mg l-1. Roughly 25% of the boreholes had manganese concentration higher than 500 mg l-1, which is the WHO maximum acceptable limit for drinking water. The concentration of mercury was higher than 1.0 mg l-1 (WHO maximum acceptable limit) in 60% of the boreholes during the rainy season but below detection limit in the dry season, suggesting anthropogenic origin for mercury in the groundwater. Other trace metals that occurred, but in insignificant concentration in boreholes, include lead, arsenic, nickel and selenium. Most of the boreholes with high trace metal concentrations were located in and around the Bawdie-Bogoso-Prestea area.