A controlled trial of modified electroconvulsive therapy in Schizophrenia in a Nigeria Teaching Hospital

  • DI Ukpong Department of Mental Health College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
  • ROA Makanjuola Department of Mental Health College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
  • O Morakinyo Department of Mental Health College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Keywords: Schizophrenia, Real ECT, Simulate ECT, Outcome

Abstract

The efficacy of ECT in the treatment of Schizophrenia was investigated in a double blind controlled trial. The ICD – 10 criteria for Schizophrenia were fulfilled by the 20 patients who entered the trial. Consecutive individuals who satisfied the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated to a course of (bilateral) six real or simulated ECTs each as applicable. Sixteen patients completed the ECT treatment and 20 weeks follow up period. Analysis of measure of clinical change (BPRS and SANS Scores) showed that both groups of patients improved, but the improvement of patients receiving ECT was not significantly greater than that of the control group.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Real ECT, Simulate ECT, Outcome.

Résumé

L'efficacité de ECT dans le traitement de-Schizophrénie a été étudie à travers un rest dirigé à double insu.

Le ICD – 10 critères pour Schizophrénie étaient accomplis par les patients qui se sont inscris pour cette épreuve.

Individus consécutifs qui ont rempli les conditions du critère étaient choisi au hazard pour le cours sur (bilateral) six vrai ou faux ECT chacun comme applicable. 16 patients ont complete le traitement à travers le ECT et une période de 20 semaines de l'examen de contrôles à long terme. L'analyse de la mesure du changement clinique que les deux groupes de patients qui recoivent ECT n'était as sensiblement élevé plus que celui du groupe de témoin.

West African Journal of Medicine Vol.21(3) 2002: 237-240

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