The status of Mtwapa Creek mangroves as perceived by the local communities

  • Judith A. Okello Vrije Universiteit Brussels
  • Victor M. Alati Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
  • Sunanda Kodikara University of Ruhuna, Wellamadama, Matara
  • James Kairo Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
  • Farid Dahdouh-Guebas Université libre de Bruxelles
  • Nico Koedam Vrije Universiteit Brussels
Keywords: mangrove status, local communities, perception, human activities


Local coastal communities depend highly on mangrove ecosystems for their valuable goods and services. As a result, mangroves have suffered degradation due to overexploitation to serve the ever-increasing demand for wood and wood products, as well as human activities along riparian areas which have equally had a significant impact on adjacent mangrove wetlands. Socioeconomic characteristics of five local communities living around Mtwapa Creek were examined to establish their perceptions on the status of the adjacent mangrove forest.  The results show that although local communities distance themselves from responsibility on the status of the forest which they perceived as being poor, they appreciate mangroves as an integral component of their livelihood. Secondary data on mangrove harvest within Kilifi County reflected a possible lack of alternative sources of energy as shown by the progressive increase in illegal fuelwood harvesting over the years from 1991. The local communities recognise the potential influence of both legal and illegal harvesting on the status of Mtwapa Creek mangroves, while only a small proportion perceive observed anthropogenic activities in riparian areas as a possible threat to mangroves.  These findings have been obtained against a backdrop of mixed opinions amongst local coastal communities which is associated with gender, living standards, education level and knowledge about mangroves as a resource.

Author Biographies

Judith A. Okello, Vrije Universiteit Brussels
Research Scientist
Victor M. Alati, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
Sunanda Kodikara, University of Ruhuna, Wellamadama, Matara
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science
James Kairo, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
Chief Research Scientist
Farid Dahdouh-Guebas, Université libre de Bruxelles
Laboratory of Systems Ecology and Resource Management
Nico Koedam, Vrije Universiteit Brussels
Laboratory of Plant Biology and Nature Management (APNA)

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0856-860X
print ISSN: 0856-860X