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Coral and Reef Fish in the Northern Quirimbas Archipelago, Mozambique – A First Assessment

NO Hill
J Davidson
I Silva
S Mucave
L Muaves
A Guissamulo
A Debney
J Garnier


Abstract—In recent years there has been much interest in the conservation and tourism value of the Quirimbas Archipelago, Mozambique. Historically, biological and conservation work has been focused on the more accessible southern part of the Quirimbas. This paper is a contribution to the knowledge on the resources in the north of the Quirimbas following survey work conducted around Vamizi Island in 2001, 2003 and principally in 2006. The results indicate it may be one of few examples in the region that has not yet suffered the same level of anthropogenic or natural disturbances that other areas in the region have suffered. Anthropogenic impacts are low as a result of its remote location that has kept it relatively isolated from markets. Limited evidence of bleaching mortality indicates that the area may have some resilience to bleaching events. Given its condition and strategic location, we suggest the area is of high conservation and research interest, and is an important economic resource that if managed wisely can contribute to sustainable fisheries and development through tourism. Threats include high levels of immigration, improved access to markets and technology, and oil and gas exploitation. The main recommendation emerging from the study is that the area is in need of timely management and formal protection.

Keywords: East Africa, Mozambique, coral reef, conservation, community-based, reef surveys

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2683-6416
print ISSN: 0856-860X