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Adsorption kinetics for the removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions on the activated carbons prepared from agricultural wastes

Erhan Demirbas, Mehmet Kobya, Elif Senturk, Tuncay Ozkan

Abstract


The batch removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution using low-cost adsorbents such as cornelian cherry, apricot stone and almond shell under different experimental conditions was investigated in this study. The influences of initial Cr(VI) ion concentration (20 to 300 mg ℓ-1), pH (1 to 4) and particle size (0.63 to 1.60 mm) have been reported. Adsorption of Cr(VI) is highly pH-dependent and the results indicate that the optimum pH for the removal was found to be 1 for all types of carbon. A comparison of kinetic models applied to the adsorption of Cr(VI) ions on the adsorbents was evaluated for the pseudo first-order, the pseudo second-order, Elovich and intraparticle diffusion kinetic models, respectively. Results show that the pseudo second-order kinetic model was found to correlate the experimental data well.

Keywords: Adsorption, Cr (VI), Adsorption kinetics, Low-cost adsorbents, Aqueous solution

WaterSA Vol.30(4) 2004: 533-539



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/wsa.v30i4.5106
AJOL African Journals Online