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Annals of African Surgery

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Predictors of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction in Kenya

Stephen Gichuru, Thomas Kedera, Joseph Wanjeri, Peter Ndaguatha

Abstract


Background: Breast reconstruction following mastectomy has mental and physical health benefits. Several patient-centered factors predict the rate of breast reconstructions. We investigated the rates and predictors of breast reconstruction in postmastectomy patients diagnosed with breast cancer at a teaching and national referral center.

Methods: A retrospective case-control study involving post-mastectomy females diagnosed with breast cancer from 2014 to 2018. Logistic regression evaluated potential predictors of breast reconstruction.

Results: 312 women had mastectomies during the 5-year study period: 9 (2.88%) had breast reconstruction—all breast reconstructions were autologous (latissimus flap). The rate of reconstruction increased over the study period, then dropped in 2018. Factors significantly affecting the rate of breast reconstruction included patient age and insurance coverage.

Conclusion: In this hospital-based study, the rate of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is low, despite the procedure being an essential component of breast cancer care. Age and insurance coverage are predictors for breast reconstruction.

Keywords: Breast reconstruction, Rates, Hospitalbased, Predictors




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