Barriers and Facilitators to Uptake of Prostate Cancer Screening in a Kenyan Rural Community

  • Ruth Gathoni Mbugua
  • Simon Karanja
  • Sherry Oluchina
Keywords: Barriers, facilitators, prostate cancer, screening, men, Kenya


Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is curable with early detection, yet it remains a major public health problem globally and a leading  cause of mortality among men. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to the uptake of prostate cancer screening among men aged 40–69 years in a rural community in Kenya.

Methods: We utilized an explorative qualitative design and purposive sampling to select participants. Six focus group discussions (FGDs)  and seven in-depth interviews were conducted among 59 men aged 40–69 years and key informants in Kiambu County, Kenya. Data was collected using a semi-structured guide and content analysis was done.

Results: The facilitators of screening included experience of symptoms, proximity and prominence of cancer, accessibility, and advocacy. The barriers to screening included lack of knowledge, fatalistic beliefs, low risk perception, stigma, and male dominance factors.

Conclusion: This study provides vital information for the development of interventions to enhance shared decision-making in regard to PC screening. Capacity building of clinicians, task shifting and provision of well-coordinated affordable culturally sensitive screening services should be explored. The concerted effort among policy makers and all health care workers to overcome the stated barriers to  screening is highly recommended.



Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2523-0816
print ISSN: 1999-9674