PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Annals of African Surgery

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Dismal salvage of testicular torsion: A call to action!

GA Maranya, BJ Mwero, GM Kinyanjui, AY Al-Ammary, HM Maganga

Abstract


Background: Testicular ischaemia and infarction in cases of torsion depend on the duration and degree of twisting. Early evaluation and treatment are associated with high salvage reports.
Objective: To determine the salvage rates of testicular torsion in selected hospitals at the Coast Province of Kenya
Design: A retrospective study of patients managed for testicular torsion and related conditions between 1999 and 2011.
Setting: Coast Province General Hospital, Mombasa (1999 - 2008) and Moi District Hospital, Voi (2009 - 2011).
Patients and Methods: Case records of 44 patients were reviewed. Forty two underwent scrotal explorations while two patients with bilateral  testicular loss due to torsion had no surgery. Patients were reviewed for age, operative diagnoses, testicular salvage, surgical procedures  performed and recurrence of symptoms.
Results: Of 29 patients operated for acute testicular torsion, four had viable testes (salvage rate of 14%). Seven patients had bilateral orchidopexy
for intermittent testicular torsion. Three patients who had missed torsions with resultant total testicular atrophy, had orchidopexy of the contralateral testes. At scrotal exploration 2 patients with epididymorchitis and one patient with a torsion of appendix testis that was excised, were not subjected to orchidopexy. There was no occurrence of torsion after orchidopexy.
Conclusion: Testicular torsions were associated with low salvage rates. Increased public awareness coupled with clinician, parental, teacher,  teenage and adult male education with respect to the consequences of acute scrotal pain is warranted.



AJOL African Journals Online