Oral health status and diet habit of institutionalized elder group
AbstractObjectives: The objective of the study was to determine the oral health status and diet habits of institutionalized elders in Lagos, Nigeria
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among institutionalized elders in Lagos State, Nigeria. Age and sex matched non-institutionalized elderly were also selected to serve as control for the study. Data were obtained through intervieweradministered questionnaire and clinical oral examination was carried out. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: A total of 100 subjects with age range 60-90 years participated in the study. Majority of the subjects in institutions were widows. Socioeconomic class was a strong factor determining institutionalization (P=0.016). Oral hygiene of institutionalized elders was poor compared with non-institutionalized counterpart (p < 0.05). None (0%) of the institutionalized subjects wore any form of prosthesis compared to their non-institutionalized counterpart -63.2%-(p < 0.05). There was a significant association between education and dental status of subjects (p < 0.05). Edentulism and soft diet were significantly associated (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Oral health status of the institutionalized elders was poor compared to the noninstitutionalized elderly but diet habits were relatively the same in both studied groups.