Annals of Biomedical Sciences

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Awareness and practice of Human Immunodeficiency Virus And Hepatitis B Virus screening among Niger-Delta residents

MU Nwagu, MI Ntaji, ME Enosolease, GN Bazuaye, OA Awodu


Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) and Hepatitis B Virus(HBV) infections are global viral diseases with various seroprevalence rates in different parts of the world. They share similar modes of transmission and are very important in Transfusion Medicine.
Aim/Objective: To determine the level of awareness and practice of HIV and Hepatitis B virus screening among Niger-Delta residents.
Methodology: Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information from residents in Benin and Warri towns of southern Nigeria.
Results: A total of 396 people were surveyed, 94.2% were aware of screening for HIV/HBV; 50.5% had been screened for HIV, while 16.7% had been screened for HBV previously.
Conclusion: There is a high level of awareness of HIV and HBV screening among Niger-Delta residents, but the level of awareness is not commensurate with participation in screening especially for Hepatitis B Virus.
AJOL African Journals Online