Anthocyanin content of two Hibiscus sabdariffa cultivars grown in Senegal

  • C Beye
  • S. Hiligsmann
  • L.S. Tounkara
  • P. Thonart
Keywords: Anthocyanin, Chemotaxonomic markers, Cultivar diversity


Anthocyanin content of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyces was determined to compare two cultivars from Senegal called Koor and Vimto. Results showed a significant difference in terms of total anthocyanin content (TA) and relative abundance (RA) of anthocyanin species. Values of TA for Vimto were 3-fold higher than Koor’s. Two minor anthocyanins, delphinidine-3-glucoside and cyanidine-3-glucoside, not frequently mentioned in literature, were detected in both cultivars. Cyanidin-3-glucoside in particular was present only in Koor calyces. The influence of agronomic conditions on TA and RA was highlighted.

Keywords : Anthocyanin, Chemotaxonomic markers, Cultivar diversity

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eISSN: 1015-2288