Effet de la fertilisation minerale et organique sur le rendement en fruits du piment (Capsicum annuum L.; Solanaceae) en zone forestiere de basse altitude au Cameroun
AbstractA study on the effect of mineral and organic fertilizations on fruits yield of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) was carried out in Cameroon. Three types of fertilizers: urea (46 %N), single superphosphate (16 %P2O5), and potassium sulphate (48 %K2O) were used alone, or in combination with each other and a bulk fertilizer NPK (19-4-16) was also formulated in order to optimize fruit yield. Poultry manure was used as organic fertilizer. During crop growth, plant height, canopy width, planting-flowering interval, flowering-fruiting period and the number and weight of fruits harvested were measured. The results show that bulking of the 3 single fertilizers, applied 4 times during the cropping period produced highly significant effects on all plant growth parameters. Significant differences were also observed on parameters of reproduction when NPK was applied 3 to 4 times during the cropping period. Furthermore, NPK, regularly broadcasted 4 times under plant canopy, gave the highest fruit yield. This latest treatment yielded the highest income and benefit-cost ratio. The organic fertilization had a higher fruit yield and higher benefit-cost ratio than many chemical fertilizer treatments.
Keywords: Capsicum annuum L., fertilizer, formulation, fertilization
Agronomie Africaine 24 (3) : 231 - 240 (2012)
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