Chemical and physico-chemical properties of orange fleshed sweet potatoes (OFSP) chips dried using solar dyers
In this study, drying technology was employed to process fresh orange fleshed sweet potatoes (OFSP) into dried slices using NSPRI improved solar tent dryer, parabolic shaped solar tent dryer in comparison with open air drying and its effect on the chemical, physico-chemical and mineral constituents of dried OFSP slices was investigated. Results showed that the dried-OFSP contained ash (3.69-4.09 %), fat (4.09-5.09 %), crude fibre (4.69-5.15 %), protein (5.87-8.28 %), carbohydrate (78.22-82.21 %), vitamin C (8.55-20.49 mg/100g), phenolics (0.1-1.28 mg/kg), flavonoids (984-145 mg/kg) and reducing sugar (35.01-82.23 g/100g). The total titratable acidity of the dried OFSP slices varied between 0.56-0.89 %, total soluble solids ranged between 5.70-7.00 °Brix while pH ranged between 4.94-6.47. Zinc, magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium, iron were present in varying levels but aluminium, lead and cadmium were not detected in all the samples. This study therefore showed that good quality dried OFSP slices with appreciable nutrient content can be obtained from drying in NSPRI solar tent dryers especially with the use of the parabolic shaped solar tent dryer. Thus, the parabolic solar tent dryer is recommended for drying crops.
Keywords: Drying technology, Orange fleshed sweet potato, NSPRI solar dyers, Physicochemical properties