A Meta-analysis on diagnostic value of serum cystatin C and creatinine for the evaluation of glomerular filtration function in renal transplant patients
Objectives: This meta-analysis aimed to perform a systematic review on comparing the diagnostic value of serum cystatin C and creatinine for glomerular filtration rate in renal transplant patients.
Methods: The data was extracted into 2×2 table after the articles were assessed by the tool of QUADAS and heterogeneity analysis. The SROC curve and meta-analysis were performed by MetaDisc1.4.
Results: Meta-analysis showed that the serum cystatin C had no heterogeneity (P=0.418, I2=2.2%, DOR=25.03), while creatinine heterogeneity was high (P=0.109, I2=37.5%, DOR=9.11). The values of SEN, SPE and SAUC were calculated as 0.86, 0.70 and 0.9015 for cystatin C , and 0.78, 0.73 and 0.8285 for creatinine individually. This study utilized GFR detection and subgroups analysis by cutoff. The PLR was 6.13 and the NLR was 0.12 for cystatin C , compared to SCr (3.72, 0.32). There was homogeneity among these studies using PENIA testing for cystatin C (χ2=2.61, P=0.4560, I2=0.0%.
Conclusions: There were significant correlations among cystatin C , creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Cystatin C had more sensitivity but less specificity than creatinine for evaluation of GFR. Cystatin C had strong ability in diagnosing renal function after renal transplant and ruling out diagnostic efficacy.
Key words: Cystatin C; creatinine; renal transplantation; glomerular filtration rate; meta-analysis.
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