Thyroid profile and LDH Isoenzymes as prognostic biomarkers for diabetic and/or obese subjects
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the levels of thyroid hormones and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes in obese and/or diabetic patients.
Subjects and methods: Forty male subjects categorized into four equal groups; group 1: Non obese control subjects, group 2: Subjects suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), group 3: Obese subjects (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) and group 4: Subjects thatwere obese and had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Liver, kidney, lipid, thyroid hormones, total LDH and LDH isoenzymes levels were determined.
Results: There was a significant increase of TSH level (p<0.001) in diabetic group as compared with control group and a highly significant increase of TSH was obtained in obese and obese diabetic groups versus control and diabetic patients. LDH 2 was also highly significantly decreased in obese and obese diabetic groups versus diabetic patients. Percentage of LDH 4 was significantly decreased in both diabetic and obese groups and not significantly changed in obese diabetic patients as compared with the control group. LDH 5 percentage showed very highly significant decrease in diabetic, obese and highly significant decrease in obese diabetic groups when compared with control subjects while it was not significantly changed in obese and obese diabetic groups as compared with diabetic patients.
Conclusion: LDH isozymes can be used as valuable diagnostic markers for metabolic syndrome. This may help to explore the metabolic changes associated with obesity and diabetes complication and following up the complication of these abnormalities.
Keywords: Thyroid profile, lactate dehydrogenase, obesity, diabetes.