African Health Sciences

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Association between parental involvement and academic achievement of deaf children at Mulago school for the deaf, Kampala, Uganda

Josephine Akellot, Paul Bangirana


Background: Deaf children face many challenges in dealing with educational opportunities and ensuring attainment of academic skills. A parent's involvement in the child's education has the potential to enhance academic performance. We sought to study the association between parental involvement and academic achievement among deaf children in Uganda.
Methods: Using purposive consecutive sampling, one hundred and eight parents of deaf children (Primary 1 to 7) were recruited from Mulago School for the Deaf in Kampala, Uganda. The Parental Involvement Questionnaire was used to measure parents’ involvement in school activities while the Wide Range Assessment Test, third edition, was used to measure academic achievement (reading, spelling and arithmetic). Linear regression was used to test the association between parental involvement and academic achievement.
Results: One hundred and five children with mean age 11.09 years (SD = 2.89) were enrolled of whom 56 (35.3%) were female. With a Beta coefficient of 0.07, a 7% unit increase of summed parental involvement showed no significant association between parental involvement and academic achievement (p = 0.46) of the deaf children.
Conclusion: Parental involvement was not associated with academic achievement among deaf children in Kampala. Other factors associated with academic achievement need to be identified to enhance deaf children's performance at school.

Keywords: Parental involvement, academic achievement, deaf children, Mulago school for the deaf, Kampala, Uganda.
AJOL African Journals Online