The impact of selenium administration on severe sepsis or septic shock: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Introduction: The efficacy of selenium administration to treat severe sepsis or septic shock remains controversial. We con- duct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the impact of selenium administration on severe sepsis or septic shock.
Methods: We search PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through May 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of selenium administration on severe sepsis or septic shock. Me- ta-analysis is performed using the random-effect model.
Results: Five RCTs involving 1482 patients are included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control group in septic patients, selenium administration is not associated with reduced 28-day mortality (RR=0.93; 95% CI=0.73 to 1.19; P=0.58), but results in substantially decreased all-cause mortality (RR=0.78; 95% CI=0.63 to 0.98; P=0.03) and length of hospital stay (MD=-3.09; 95% CI=-5.68 to -0.50; P=0.02).
Conclusion: Selenium administration results in notable decrease in all-cause mortality and length of hospital stay, but shows no substantial influence on the 28-day mortality, length of ICU stay, duration of vasopressor therapy, the incidence of acute renal failure, adverse events, and serious adverse events for septic patients.
Keywords: Selenium administration; septic shock; randomized controlled trials.
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