Sonographic measurement of ear length among normal fetuses of pregnant Igbo women in port Harcourt, Nigeria

  • Felicitas Idigo
  • Kingsley Ajibo
  • Angel-Mary Anakwue
  • Uloma Nwogu
  • Ebbi Robinson
Keywords: Fetal ear length; sonographic measurement; chromosomal aneuploidy.

Abstract

Background: Fetal ear length measurement has been associated with some clinical values: sonographic marker for chromo- somal aneuploidy and for biometric estimation of fetal gestational age.

Objectives: To establish a baseline reference value for fetal ear length and to assess relationship between fetal ear length and gestational age.

Methods: Ear length measurements were obtained prospectively from fetuses in 551 normal singleton pregnancies of 15 to 41 weeks gestation. Normal cases were defined as normal sonographic findings during examination plus normal infant post-delivery. The relationship between gestational age (GA) in weeks and fetal ear length (FEL) in millimeters were analyzed by simple linear regression. Correlation of FEL measurements with GA, biparietal diameter (BPD), Head circumference (HC), Abdominal Circumference (AC), Femur Length (FL) and maternal age (MA) were also obtained.

Results: Linear relationships were found between FEL and GA (FEL=0.872GA-2.972). There was a high correlation between FEL and GA (r = 0.837; P = .001). Good linear relationship and strong positive correlation were demonstrated between FEL and BPD, AC, HC, and FL (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The result of this study provides normal baseline reference value for FEL. The study also showed good linear relationship and good correlation between FEL and fetal biometric measurements.

Keywords: Fetal ear length; sonographic measurement; chromosomal aneuploidy.

Published
2021-04-16
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1680-6905