Hysterosalpingography: a potential alternative to laparoscopy in the evaluation of tubal obstruction in infertile patients?
Background: Evaluation of the fallopian tubes are important for infertile patients. The two most important diagnostic procedures used to evaluate tubal patency are hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy.
Objectives: To asses the hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy results of patients diagnosed with infertility and investigate the diagnostic value of hysterosalpingography in patients with tubal factor infertility.
Methods: The hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy results of 208 patients who presented to the Obstetrics and Gyne- cology Clinic at Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine between January 2014- January 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. Hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy results were compared with regard to the investigation of the presence of tubal obstruction and of the pelvic structures that could cause tubal obstruction. The specificity, sensitivity, positive, and negative predictive values of hysterosalpingography were computed.
Results: The number of patients evaluated was 208. The ratio of primary infertile patients was 57.2% and 42.8% was secondary infertile. Hysterosalpingography was found to have a specificity of 64.6%, the sensitivity of 81.3%, the positive predictive value of 56.4%, and a negative predictive value of 86% in the determination of tubal obstruction.
Conclusion: Patients with suspected tubal infertility can primarily be examined using hysterosalpingography in considera- tion of the invasive nature and the higher complication rate of laparoscopy.
Keywords: Infertility; hysterosalpingography; laparoscopy; tubal factor.
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