Oral health related quality of life among HIV positive patients attending two HIV outpatient clinics in Nigeria - a cross sectional study

  • Kehinde Adesola Umeizudike
  • Babatope Bamidele Osagbemiro
  • Opeyemi Oluwayemisi Daramola
  • Titilope Adenike Adeyemo
Keywords: HIV infection; Oral health; OHRQoL.

Abstract

Background: The human immunodeficiency virus infection remains a devastating disease of public health importance.

Objectives: To assess the association between oral health and quality of life and the factors affecting the oral health related quality of life among HIV positive patients in Nigeria.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study of HIV positive patients attending two HIV outpatient clinics in Nigeria. Impact of oral health on quality of life was assessed using the OHIP-14. Oral health status was assessed by the DMFT and Simpli- fied OHI indices. Level of significance was set at p< 0.05.

Results: Three hundred and fifty-two patients were seen, 64.2% being females. Prevalence of impact was 8.5%; and the mean OHIP scores was 8.05±9.54. Highest impact was “painful aching” 67(19.1%) with the domain of physical pain scoring the highest mean impact of 2.32. Most patients (88.6%) were on HAART. Following logistic regression, after controlling for potential confounders, independent factors associated with poor OHRQoL were perceived need for dental treatment, HAART use, and higher DMFT (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The domain of physical pain had the highest impact, while perceived need for dental treatment, HAART use and higher caries index were contributory to poor OHRQoL.

Keywords: HIV infection; Oral health; OHRQoL.

Published
2021-08-02
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1680-6905