Prevalence and density of malaria parasitaemia amongst HIV Individuals in Warri, Nigeria
Background: Malaria parasite has been observed to be a common infection in Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV), an increase malaria infection in adults.
Objective: This experimental study is sets to determine the prevalence and density of malaria parasitaemia in Warri com- munity, South-Southern Nigeria.
Methods and Results: A total of 600 participants were screened for Human immunodeficiency virus and malaria parasite using WHO systems two and Geimsa staining technique for thick and thin blood films and absolute parasite counts done respectively. The prevalence rate of 38% and 39% were obtained for malaria parasite infection among HIVSP and HIV/ span>SN respectively. The difference in malaria parasite infection was not statistically significant (P>0.05) between HIVSP and HIVSN. However, the mean parasite density in HIVSP was significant (P<0.05) when compared with HIVSN. The mean parasite densities of 2384 ± 747 and 1883 ± 645 were recorded for HIVSP and HIVSN respectively. The mean par- asite densities of 2385 ± 782 and 2383 ± 717 observed for males and females respectively showed no statistical significant difference (P<0.05).
Conclusion: This study has shown a high prevalence of malaria parasite among the HIV infected subjects.
Keywords: Density; Malaria; HIV; prevalence; Nigeria.
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