Rational and design of SATRACD study: detecting subclinical anthracycline therapy related cardiac dysfunction in low income country

  • Wanzhu Zhang
  • Feriel Azibani
  • Emmy Okello
  • James Kayima
  • Victoria Walusansa
  • Jackson Orem
  • Karen Sliwa
Keywords: SATRACD study; subclinical anthracycline therapy; cardiac dysfunction; low income country.

Abstract

Background: Anthracycline therapy-related cardiac dysfunction (ATRCD) is the most notorious adverse side-effect of chemotherapy. It has become a significant cardiovascular health concern for long-term cancer survivors. With the emerging concept of subclinical ATRCD and newer diagnostictools (Speckle Tracking Echocardiography (STE) and biomarkers), detecting anthracycline cardiac toxicity at an early stage has become an important step to prevent severe cardiac dysfunction and improve the cardiovascular outcome in cancer survivors. Despite the increasing population at risk in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there is no contemporary data in Uganda to address the burden, pathogenesis and risk factors of subclinical ATRCD. This big gap in knowledge has led to a lack of local guidelines for monitoring and management of ATRCD.

Methods: SATRACD (Detecting Subclinical Anthracycline Therapy Related Cardiac Dysfunction In Low Income Country) study is an observational prospective cohort study. Three hundred and fifty-three anthracycline naïve cancer patients will be recruited at baseline. Patients are followed up on completion of anthracycline-based chemotherapy and at 6 months after completion of anthracycline therapy. Data on demographics, cancer profile and clinical presentation will be collected at baseline. Comprehensive cardiac assessment will be performed at each visit, including electrocardiogram, conventional echo- cardiography, STE, cardiac and oxidative stress markers. We will be able to determine the incidence of subclinical and clinical ATRCD at 6 months after completion of anthracycline therapy, determine whether hypertension is a major risk factor for ATRCD, evaluate the role of conventional echocardiography parameters, and biomarkers for detecting subclinical ATRCD.

Conclusion: This SATRACD study will provide contemporary data on Ugandan cancer patients who have subclinical and clinical ATRCD, help in the development of local strategies to prevent and manage ATRCD, and improve cardiovascular outcome for Ugandan cancer survivors.

Keywords: SATRACD study; subclinical anthracycline therapy; cardiac dysfunction; low income country.

Published
2021-08-02
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1680-6905