Evaluation of predominant risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus among out-patients in two Nigerian secondary health facilities

  • Chinonyerem O Iheanacho
  • Doyin O Osoba
  • Uchenna IH Eze
Keywords: Evaluation; type 2 diabetes; risk factors; Nigeria; primary prevention.

Abstract

Background: Prevention of type 2 diabetes is enabled by identification and effective management of risk factors.

Objectives: To evaluate the predominant risks for type 2 diabetes and identify persons at highest risk in a population; to facilitate the understanding of implications for practice.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey using Canadian diabetes risk assessment questionnaire was conducted among non-diabetic persons who visited two secondary hospitals. SPSS version 18 was used for data analysis.

Results: A total of 300 respondents participated in the study, with 25.7% having family history of type 2 diabetes, while 160 (53.3%) were at high risk of developing the disease. Males (62.5%), overweight (65.1%) and obese (82.6%) participants, were at higher risk. Others found to be at high risk were respondents with high waist circumference (55.6%), respondents who did not exercise (77.0%), those who did not eat fruits/vegetable daily (54.4% ), those with high blood pressure (67.5%) and those who have had raised blood sugar in the past (71.0% ).

Conclusion: Majority of the study participants was at high risk for type 2 diabetes, male participants had higher risks and lifestyles/habits were the major risks for developing the disease.

Keywords: Evaluation; type 2 diabetes; risk factors; Nigeria; primary prevention.

Published
2021-08-02
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1680-6905