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Prognostic significance of the preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio patients with giant cell tumor of bone

Aliekber Yapar
Ismail Burak Atalay
Mehmet Ali Tokgoz
Coskun Ulucakoy
Bedii Safak Gungor


Objective: To evaluate the prognostic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in giant cell tumor of bone (GCT).

Methods: The patients with GCT were identified in the hospital records and pre-treatment complete blood count results were acquired retrospectively. Whether preoperative NLR lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values had prognostic significance in predicting recurrence was evaluated by Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis. Furthermore, the prognostic value of NLR was evaluated by Multivariable Cox Regression analysis.

Results: There were 96 patients with GCT. It was found that only NLR values had prognostic significance for predicting recurrence (AUC:0.647; 95% CI:0.533-0.762; P=0.021). The statistically significant cut-off value of NLR for predicting re- currence was ≥2.25.NLR was ≥2.25 in 51% (n = 49) of patients. Multivariable analysis showed that NLR ≥2.25 (HR=2.9, 95% CI:1.3-6.6; p=0.009) and lung metastasis (HR=7.9, 95% CI:2.2-28.2; p=0.001) were independent factors of recurrence. In patients with lung metastasis and patients with NLR ≥2.25, recurrence was observed in a sooner period (Log rank test; p=0.001; p=0.009, respectively).

Conclusion: Our findings showed that NLR is a new and promising inflammation-based prognostic factor in GCT patients.

Keywords: Giant cell tumor of bone; neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; prognostic significance.

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eISSN: 1729-0503
print ISSN: 1680-6905