Histopathological pattern of Orbito-Ocular Lesions, a retrospective hospital-based study spanning 15 years

  • Dumebi H Kayoma
  • Dele E Imasogie
Keywords: Ophthalmic biopsies; ophthalmic lesions; malignant orbito-ocular tumours; benign orbito-ocular tumours; degenerative ophthalmic lesion.

Abstract

Background: Many previous studies on orbito-ocular lesions are skewed in favour of the neoplastic lesions in general and the malignant lesions in particular. This, therefore, creates a vacuum on the spectrum of these lesions, thus may result in problematic diagnostic bias by the ophthalmologist and pathologist.

Objective: To give the spectrum and relative frequencies of orbito-ocular biopsies and by extension orbito-ocular lesions/diseases at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH).

Materials and Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of all cases of orbito-ocular biopsies with histopathologic diagnosis.

Results: There were 236 orbito-ocular biopsies. The male to female ratio was slightly in favour of the females. Orbito-ocular biopsies had a wide age range that spanned from the 1st to 10th decade, mean age in the 3rd decade (20-29years) and a peak age in the 1st decade (0-9 years). The neoplastic lesions were the prevalent indication for orbito-ocular biopsies (63.72%) while the
conjunctiva (58.10%) was the most common site for orbito-ocular biopsies.

Conclusion: This study noted a wide array of orbito-ocular lesions for which biopsies were done for histopathological diagnosis. This we hope will in no small measure increase the diagnostic precision of the ophthalmologist and the pathologists in our own environment.

Keywords: Ophthalmic biopsies; ophthalmic lesions; malignant orbito-ocular tumours; benign orbito-ocular tumours; degenerative ophthalmic lesion.

Published
2022-10-27
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1729-0503
print ISSN: 1680-6905