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Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among HIV/AIDS patients from two health institutions in Abuja, Nigeria

DT Abaver, JM Nwobegahay, DT Goon, BC Iweriebor, DN Anye

Abstract


Background: Intestinal parasitic infections play a vital role in the prognosis of HIV/AIDS in patients. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in HIV-infected individuals in two health facilities in Abuja-Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in two sites: the GEDE AIDS and Infectious Diseases Research Institute (GAIDRI), and the Human Virology Institute-General Hospital Asokoro-Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 119 subjects were recruited (85 HIV infected and 34 HIV negative). Stool specimens collected were analyzed macroscopically and microscopically for consistency and the presence of enteric parasites. Results: The overall prevalence rate of enteroparasites obtained in this study was 22.7% (27/119). The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in HIV infected patients was 24.7 %; while in HIV negative persons, it was 17.6%. However, the high rate obtained for HIV infected patients was not statistically significant (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Although the prevalence rate of enteric parasites in HIV/AIDS patients was higher than in HIV negative individuals, this difference is not statistically significant. Even though there was no statistical difference in the two groups, parasitic infections in HIV/AIDS patients often result in debilitating illness.
Keywords: Prevalence; Parasitic infection; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v11i3.70066
AJOL African Journals Online