Experiences of alcohol consumption and taking antiretroviral medication among men living with HIV in Tshwane, South Africa

  • Sebenzile Nkosi
  • Eileen P. Rich
  • Connie T. Kekwaletswe
  • Neo K. Morojele
Keywords: antiretroviral therapy, alcohol consumption, hegemonic masculinity, HIV, South Africa


Hazardous alcohol consumption may compromise optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among patients. Adoption of hegemonic notions of masculinity may encourage health-risk behaviours, such as alcohol consumption, and discourage health-enhancing behaviours, such as ART adherence among men. This study aimed to explore linkages between masculinity, alcohol consumption, and taking ART medication among male ART recipients in South Africa. Male facilitators conducted five focus group discussions with 27 black male ART recipients aged between 28 and 65 years at five ART clinics. Eligibility criteria were: 18 years or older, at least three months on ART, and alcohol consumption in the past three months. Data were analysed inductively using thematic content analysis. The men demonstrated a masculinity that fostered commitment to taking ART. However, normative notions of masculinity in the men’s social circles often compromised their timeous taking of medication. Fears of alcohol-ART interactions often led to intentional  non-adherence to ART when drinking. Finally, healthcare provider-patient power dynamics seemed to prevent the men from discussing their challenges regarding alcohol use and ART adherence with their healthcare providers. Interventions that focus on addressing harmful hegemonic notions of masculinity among men are needed in community settings such as drinking establishments where men tend to socialise. Patient-centred approaches which enhance men’s sense of involvement in their treatment are needed in healthcare settings.

Keywords: antiretroviral therapy, alcohol consumption, hegemonic masculinity, HIV, South Africa


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1608-5906
print ISSN: 1727-9445