Correlates of HIV-status awareness among adults in Nairobi slum areas

  • Remare Renner Ettarh
  • James Kimani
  • Catherine Kyobutungi
  • Frederick Wekesah

Abstract

The prevalence of HIV in the adult population in slum areas in Nairobi, Kenya, is higher than for residents in the city as a whole. This disparity suggests that the characteristics of slum areas may adversely influence the HIV-prevention strategies directed at reducing the national prevalence of HIV. The objective of the study was to identify some of the sociodemographic and behavioural correlates of HIV-status awareness among the adult population of two slums in Nairobi. In a household-based survey conducted by the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), 4 767 men and women aged between 15 and 54 years were randomly sampled from two slums (Korogocho and Viwandani) in Nairobi and data were collected on the social and health context of HIV and AIDS in these settlements. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with HIV-status awareness. The proportion of respondents that had ever been tested and knew their HIV status was 53%, with the women having greater awareness of their HIV status (62%) than the men (38%). Awareness of HIV status was significantly associated with age, sex, level of education, marital status and slum of residence. The lower level of HIV-status awareness among the men compared with the women in the slums suggests a poor uptake of HIV-testing services by males. Innovative strategies are needed to ensure greater access and uptake of HIV-testing services by the younger and less-educated residents of these slums if the barriers to HIV-status awareness are to be overcome.

Keywords: health behaviour, HIV/AIDS, HIV prevention, household surveys, Kenya, quantitative research, sociodemographic factors, statistics, sub-Saharan Africa

African Journal of AIDS Research 2012, 11(4): 337–342

Author Biographies

Remare Renner Ettarh
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), Manga Close, PO Box 10787, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
James Kimani
Population Council, Ralph Bunche Road, PO Box 17643, Nairobi 00500, Kenya
Catherine Kyobutungi
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), Manga Close, PO Box 10787, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Frederick Wekesah
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), Manga Close, PO Box 10787, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Published
2013-01-11
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1608-5906
print ISSN: 1727-9445