Biotechnological potentials of Seidlitzia rosmarinus: A mini review
AbstractSeidlitzia rosmarinus is a perennial woody plant grown mostly along the banks of salt marshes and in soils with high saline water tables. This plant being a halophyte is very well adapted to grow in dry and
salt affected desert soils. It plays an important role in both soil preservation and maintenance. The leaves, stems and seeds harvested in fall are used as fodder for livestock. Ashes remaining after
burning the leaves and stems make a salt which is rich in sodium carbonate and is called "Karia" or "Caria" in Iran. When dissolved in water, Karia produces a soda also called "Ghalyab". The dried leaves
powder is used as detergent for washing cloths and dishes. It has also many industrial applications such as dyeing, making soaps, pottery and ceramics among others. Besides being used as fodder in
dry and desert regions, its "Ghalyab" can be used in biotechnological studies. Cultivation of S.rosmarinus plants in salt affected and dry farm lands for "Ghalyab" production has economical values.