A Rwandan spirometry and resting ventilation study

  • JB Gahutu
  • J Wane

Abstract

To illustrate spirometric population variation and ventilatory adaptation
to moderate altitude, we report the spirometric and resting ventilation
values observed in a student population in Butare, Rwanda (altitude: 1
768 m; barometric pressure: 629 mm Hg). Spirometry was carried out
with a Mijnhardt Volutest VT-3 water-sealed spirometer in students aged
between 20 and 30 years. The results (mean ± SD) are as follows: Vital
capacity: males: 4 123 ± 537 mL, females: 2 810 ± 393 mL; Vital capacity
per m2 body surface area: males: 2 352 ± 245 mL/m2, females: 1 771 ±
219 mL/m2; FEV1: males: 3 576 ± 618 mL, females: 2 347 ± 474 mL;
FEV1%: males: 87.8 ± 8.5 %, females: 84.5 ± 7.7 %; tidal volume: males: 540 ± 80 mL, females: 454 ± 66 mL; respiratory frequency: 17 ± 4 both in males and in females; minute volume: males: 9.3 ± 2.7 L/min., females: 7.6 ± 2.0 L/min. The results indicate that t he vital capacity and the FEV1 are lower than classical values from white populations, FEV1% is higher. The tidal volume, respiratory frequency and minute volume are increased relative to sea level. (Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 9: 137 - 140, May 2006)

Keywords: FEV1, Vital Capacity, high altitude, ventilation

 

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