Main Article Content

Risk factors for road traffic accidents among drivers of public institutions in Ibadan, Nigeria

CO Bekibele
OI Fawole
AE Bamgboye
LV Adekunle
R Ajav
AM Baiyeroju


Recent studies have shown an increase in the rate of road traffic accident (RTA).
Identifying the risk factors for this problem may provide a clue to possible effective
intervention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for self
reported RTA among drivers of educational institutions and make suggestions to
promote safer driving. A cross sectional population study of motor vehicle drivers from
the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital (UCH)
Ibadan was undertaken between December 2003 and January 2004. The study
comprised of 99 motor vehicle drivers. 67 (67.7%) were from the College of Medicine,
and 32 (32.3%) from the UCH. Response rate was 97.1%. All were males, aged 38 to 60
years, mean 50.1 + (SD= 4.8 years). The prevalence of self reported RTA was 16.2%.
The cause of road traffic accidents included, mechanical fault (50%), bad road (12.5%).
RTA prevalence was higher among older drivers (OR=1.7, 95%CI=0.5-5.9; P>0,05),
drivers who had part time jobs (Odds ratio 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.3; X2 =4.5, P=0.03), and
drivers with visual impairment (OR=1.6, 95% CI=0-9, X2 0.49, P > 0.05). The
prevalence of RTA was lower amongst drivers who did not take alcohol, cola nut and
other CNS stimulants while driving (OR 0.9, 95% CI=0.3-2.3, P >0.05). Regular
maintenance of official vehicles and examination of drivers\' eyes are recommended.
Drivers should be discouraged from drugs and part jobs so as to ensure that they have
enough time to rest and therefore prevent fatigue related RTA.

African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 14 (3-4) 2007: pp. 137-142

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1022-9272