Physical activity during covid-19 lockdown: Relationship with sedentary behaviour, health-related quality of life, loneliness, and sleep quality among a sample of Nigerian adults

  • Opeyemi A. Idowu
  • Henrietta O. Fawole
  • Olayinka Akinrolie
  • Kayode I. Oke
  • Chidozie E. Mbada
  • Ukachukwu O. Abaraogu
  • , Udoka A.C. Okafor
  • Ade F. Adeniyi
  • Francis Fatoye


COVID-19 lockdown, targeted at preventing the spread of coronavirus, had deleterious effects on physical and psychosocial health. This study examined the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), loneliness and quality of sleep of 507 Nigerian adults during the COVID-19 lockdown. Five hundred and seven respondents (aged 18-67 years) from 12 States completed an online survey on RedCap. Questionnaires comprising the Stages of Change scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, International Sedentary Assessment Tool, UCLA Loneliness Questionnaire, Short Form-12 Health Survey, and International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used. Respondents were categorised based on exercise behaviour as non-exercisers, non-regular exercisers, or regular exercisers; and based on age into 18-24, 25-34, 35-44 and > 44 years categories. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. About 33.1% of respondents did not meet moderate-to-vigorous PA levels. The physical component of HRQoL was positively associated with total PA (p = 0.04). Among the non-exercisers, the odds of being regular exercisers during pre-COVID-19 lockdown were significantly higher for the 35-44 (odds ratio [OR] = 3.49; 95% CI = 1.44, 8.48, p = 0.01) and > 44 years age groups (OR = 2.98; 95% CI: 1.16, 7.62, p = 0.02) relative to 18-24 years age category. During COVID-19 lockdown, > 44 (OR = 3.65; 95% CI: 1.47, 9.07, p = 0.005), 35-44 (OR = 6.42; 95% CI 2.75, 14.96, p = 0.001) and 25-34 (OR = 2.35; 95% CI: 1.15, 4.80, p = 0.02) years age categories had significant higher odds of being regular exercisers compared to the 18-24 years age group. There was a high rate of physical inactivity among Nigerian adults during the COVID-19 lockdown, which was directly influenced by the physical components of HRQoL. Older age was an independent predictor of exercise behaviour before and during the COVID-19 lockdown among Nigerian adults.


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print ISSN: 2411-6939